Which Atmanirbhar Bharat plans are offered to States in India? Who can take part in these projects, and how can they help improve the lives of people in rural and urban areas in each Indian state?
Under the Atmanirbhar Bharat (Self-Reliant India) plan, the Indian government put in place a number of programmes and measures to help different industries and boost economic growth. The exact programmes and measures that each state can use may change over time, but here are some examples of programmes that have been started as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat:
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY): The goal of this project is to help right away the most vulnerable people in society who are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. It includes things like giving people money, giving out free food grains, creating jobs, and helping people who work in health care.
Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan Package: This large economic stimulus plan was announced to help bring back many areas that had been hurt by the COVID-19 pandemic. It includes things like loans for small and medium-sized businesses (MSMEs) without collateral, help for businesses with cash flow, changes in agriculture, help for the housing market, and relief for power distribution companies.
MGNREGA stands for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. It is the main rural employment guarantee programme, and it makes sure that rural families have 100 days of paid work. Under the Atmanirbhar Bharat plan, the scheme was improved to create more jobs and help people in rural areas make a living.
Agriculture Infrastructure Fund: This programme helps build and improve agricultural infrastructure in rural places by giving money and credit. It aims to make farms more productive, cut down on costs after harvest, and help farmers get better access to markets.
PM SVANidhi (Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor's Atmanirbhar Nidhi): This programme helps street sellers by giving them working capital loans and credit facilities. The goal is to encourage the urban poor to work for themselves and start their own businesses.
One Nation, One Ration Card: This programme lets people who are qualified get subsidised food grains through the Public Distribution System (PDS) at any Fair Price Shop (FPS) in the country. It helps migrant workers and makes sure that needy people always have food.
Help for MSMEs: The Atmanirbhar Bharat programme has taken a number of steps to help Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Some of these are loans with no security, credit guarantees, lower interest rates, and the creation of a Fund of Funds to help MSMEs with equity.
These programmes are open to people, groups, and towns that meet the eligibility requirements for each programme. The criteria for eligibility can change based on things like income level, job status, sector-specific requirements, or location.
These strategies are meant to improve the way people in each Indian state live by:
Schemes like MGNREGA and PM SVANidhi create job chances, especially in rural and urban areas. This helps people make a living and lowers the unemployment rate.
Financial Support and Credit Facilities: Programmes that offer collateral-free loans, credit facilities, and financial assistance to MSMEs, farmers, street vendors, and other sectors allow people and businesses to get access to capital and grow their businesses, which leads to more money and a better way of life.
Infrastructure development: Plans that focus on infrastructure for agriculture, homes, and other areas help both rural and urban areas grow, which helps the economy and makes life better for people.
Social Welfare and Food Security: Programmes like PMGKY and One Nation, One Ration Card make sure that vulnerable groups have social welfare and food security, giving them the help they need in hard times and improving their general well-being.
Entrepreneurship and Skill Development: Several Atmanirbhar Bharat projects are designed to encourage entrepreneurship, skill development, and self-employment. This gives people the tools they need to make a living and help the economy grow.
To get the most out of these programmes, people, groups, and towns should keep up with the latest announcements, rules, and eligibility requirements put out by the government departments and agencies in charge of them. They can go to the right government offices, financial institutions, or online sites to get application forms, instructions, and other help so they can take advantage of these programmes.