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A Brief Guide about Government Subsidy Schemes

The mom-and-pop store was outside, and you probably noticed the huge wait of people holding empty bottles and bags. People below the poverty level can get necessities like food and oil from these government-run stores. The primary advantage of these PDS stores, popularly called 'Ration ki Dukaan,' is that the public is given things at a reduced or subsidised price. The Indian government occasionally launches a new scheme to aid its citizens.

Some NGO Funding and Tenders try to improve people's finances, while others boost their living standards. MSMEs receive different incentives from the Indian government to grow and improve.

This article will define subsidy, describe its many forms, and go over some of the most well-known programmes offered by the Indian government to businesses in need of financial assistance.

What is subsidy?

Government Subsidy Schemes are financial aid to businesses and individuals. Direct and indirect subsidies exist.

Direct subsidies are financial aid. In contrast, assisted with tax cuts or low-interest loans is an indirect subsidy. A loan subsidy is a loan with favourable terms that help a business expand, such as reduced interest rates. On the other hand, Government Subsidy Schemes are financial aid programmes offered to people to make their lives easier and promote causes that are good for the public interest.

Types of Subsidy

As detailed later, there are generally six distinct kinds of Government Subsidy Schemes.

Food subsidy

Poor people will get food. Low-income households receive food subsidies from the PDS. Sugar, milk, cereal, and cooking oil are examples.

Export subsidy

The government offers export incentives to help small domestic enterprises broaden their consumer base. Merchandise Export from India is one way to do this. The objective is to encourage the export of Indian-made recognised items.

Production subsidy

With the help of a production subsidy, businesses can lower their manufacturing costs. Reducing investments and losses will allow them to boost production value. Because of this, things can be made accessible at a reduced price, which makes them more affordable.

Subsidies based on industry

The targeted industry's specific requirements are considered when designing these subsidies. Transportation, healthcare, and farming are among their numerous areas of focus. For instance, the government has established several transport schemes to cut prices.

Businesses and farmers can use subsidies to lower the upfront cost of inputs. This involves offering subsidised rates for fertiliser, seeds, electricity, and irrigation infrastructure.

Tax subsidy

Those who qualify might receive a tax refund and other perks through this subsidy programme. It makes it easier for company owners to pay their bills, which means they can boost output, expand services, and cut product prices for customers.

Unemployment is the target of these programmes. The government provides advantages to encourage businesses to launch new ventures, including decreased real estate rates and reduced initial investment costs. An increase in employment and a decrease in the unemployment rate are the goals of these policies.


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